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Culture and Nature: Thomas Hardy’s The Return of the Native
Saman Ali Mohammed
Department of English Language, University of Human Development

Abstract-Victorian industrialization and its effects on the environment have been criticized by both contemporary and modern critics, writers and many other social commentators. However, little research has been done from an eco-critical perspective to make any claims about the Victorian approach to ecology. Very few people, such as John Parham, have analyzed the representation of the early-and-mid-Victorian novelists’ ecological representation. This study investigates the Victorian representation of the relationship between man and his environment or writing and land. The research will show how the novelists portrayed their ecological consciousness through their criticism of industry or just a mere portrayal of any harmony or disharmony of man with his environment. This research discusses The Return of the Native by Thomas Hardy to explore the Victorian social and ecological criticism on the man-environment linkage that could be biologically and psychologically intriguing and strange when it comes to the question of placing man in the world. Exploring the ways that this author has depicted his characters relationship to the Victorian industrial age, this research argues that their works display a consciousness of the nature of man and the natural world and exhibit an ecological and environmental consciousness that is both philosophical and universal. Indeed, this research also contends that Hardy’s works have eco-critical characteristics in their approach to the relationship between man and environment. Such representation suggests that preserving such a relationship is essential for the prosperity of mankind.

Kewords-Land, Eco-criticism, Culture, Nature, Environment, Eco-system & Writing.

Date:4/5/2017 14:00:00
Place: Huner Surchi Hal
Shaima Othman Faeq,
Jun 14, 2017, 1:58 AM